And you are really convinced that you are above the law and that there can be no judgement upon you. Primary documents on the Russian Revolution. replied Kalyayev. 'I do not repent. Newly available Russian sources, many of which appear in English for the first time here. In the questionnaire of the first Russia Census in 1897, in the field ‘occupation’ Nicholas wrote: ‘Owner of the Russia’. Primary Sources 1905 Russian Revolution (Classroom Activity) The killing of the demonstrators became known as Bloody Sunday and it has been argued that this event signalled the start of the 1905 Revolution. The twenty-second of January was the first political strike, even if he was disguised under a priest's cloak. Russian Revolution of 1905, uprising that was instrumental in convincing Tsar Nicholas II to attempt the transformation of the Russian government from an autocracy into a constitutional monarchy. The 1905 Russian Revolution WWW. Learn to look the advancing revolution right in the face.'". The killing of the demonstrators became known as Bloody Sunday and it has been argued that this event signalled the start of the 1905 Revolution. Materials Paper copies of the text lesson 1905 Russian Revolution: Causes & Consequences His advice was that the Tsar should offer a programme of political reform. We very often met in the early morning to part only in the evening when night fell. Russian Revolution, Civil War & USSR (1917-1991): These links to primary sources are a subset of the larger EuroDocs site. Broad array of topics, including the Bolshevik rise to power and World War I as the catalyst and cradle, respectively, of the Revolution. In October 1917, the October Revolution took place in Russia, overthrowing a provisional government established a few months earlier. General Overview: In 1917 Russia went through two revolutions: February 24–29 and October 24–25. We have accepted your challenge.... You dare not only to try me, but to pass judgement. 'I hope that you will carry it out just as openly and publicly as I carried out the sentence of the Socialist Revolutionary Party. 23 in: Reproductions of Russian photographs and paintings of events and people important in the history of the Russian revolution … Kalyayev was sentenced to death. Question 1: According to sources 3 and 4, what were the consequences of the event described in source 2? 'Do not listen to your pride. The present movement for freedom is not of new birth. I myself have already forgiven you.' Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Over 150,000 people signed the document and on 22nd January, 1905, Father Georgi Gapon led a large procession of workers to the Winter Palace in order to present the petition. This granted freedom of conscience, speech, meeting and association. Later that month, sailors on the Potemkin battleship, protested against the serving of rotten meat infested with maggots. NOW 50% OFF! Learn to look the advancing revolution right in the face." The Potemkin Mutiny spread to other units in the army and navy. Alexandra Kollontai was on the march and her biographer, Cathy Porter, has described what took place: \"She describe… He also promised that in future people would not be imprisoned without trial. You - the representatives of the Imperial Government, the hired servants of capital and oppression. The industrial workers in St Petersburg and Moscow, determined to use the occasion to win better conditions and a say in the government, elected councils to organize action against their bosses and the government. Click the title for location and availability information. All classes condemn the authorities and more particularly the Tsar. Various groups of counter-revolutionaries with the anti-Semitic twist. This Russian Revolution site contains articles, sources and perspectives on events in Russia between 1891 and 1927. This site is created and maintained by Alpha History. I was overtaken by the police agents in a sleigh and someone's hands were upon me. The other way out would be to give to the people their civil rights, freedom of speech and press, also to have laws conformed by a State Duma - that of course would be a constitution. Other strikes broke out all over the country. This bloody Sunday was followed Try to find quotes from both primary sources and historical interpretations (historians’ views). I must die for my deed and I will... My death will be more useful to my cause than Sergei Alexandrovich's death.' The Tsar refused and instead ordered him to assume the role of a military dictator. Mountains of corpses divide us, hundreds of thousands of broken human lives and a whole sea of blood and tears covering the country in torrents of horror and resentment. A painful day. The assassination was planned for 15th February, 1905, when he planned to visit the Bolshoi Theatre. Primary Sources: Russia, U.S.S.R., Soviet Union Russian Revolution Search this ... Book Sources: Russian Revolution 1917 A selection of books/e-books available in Trible Library. when troops fired on a defenseless crowd of workers, who, led by a priest, were marching to the Winter Palace to petition Czar Nicholas II. Question 2: Describe the different forms of protest adopted by the Russian people in 1905. Some of the format subdivisions for primary sources that would be useful for this course include: Sources: collections of contemporary writings. The massacre of an unarmed crowd undermined the standing of the autocracy in Russia. Troops had to open fire in several places in the city; there were many killed and wounded. Subscribe to our Spartacus Newsletter and keep up to date with the latest articles. BBC News. On the eve of revolution, she had already found a way out; forgiveness! EVIDENCE FROM PRIMARY SOURCES AND HISTORICAL INTERPRETATIONS For each topic below, find evidence in the form of a key quote. He was hanged on 23rd May, 1905. Finally it announced that no law would become operative without the approval of the State Duma. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. You are quite ready to admit that there are two standards of morality: one for plain mortals, which says "do not kill," "do not steal," and another for political rulers, to whom everything is permitted. Russia -- History -- 1801-1917-- Sources; Russia -- History -- Revolution, 1905-1907--Sources; Soviet Union -- History -- Sources; Soviet Union -- History -- Revolution, 1917-1921--Sources She understood the words of the Gospels heart and soul, and on the eve of the funeral she demanded to be taken to the prison where Kalyayev was being held. The loyal character of the demonstration was stressed by the many church icons and portraits of the Tsar carried by the demonstrators. The Grand Duke Nikolai Romanov agreed and urged the Tsar to bring in reforms. 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