It follows that this vernacular literature consisted almost entirely of verse. Later on, I talked about it to a couple girls there, and they told me that the author was very popular and talented. Text 10 .Special Issue (2011): Abstract. The movement was actually set in motion in March 1932, more than a year before her talk, with the publication in Phu Nu Tan Van of a new style poem by Phan Khoi, a male poet whose criticism of traditional poetry was far more severe than that of Nguyen Thi Kiem. Sadly, Vietnamese literature still remains essentially a closed book in English. Back to Vietnam, Nguyen resigned from his post and devoted himself to journalism. His later novels were not published in book form until 1922, and then they were circulated only in the Saigon area, where they were very popular. The literati composed poems in verse forms borrowed from Chinese literature, chiefly the Tang-style regulated eight-line poem with all manner of rules and regulations. The cry was thus for poetry that was new both in form and in ideas. This appeared to be a debate on form, but the issues went deeper than that. The change from traditional to modern literature during the Enlightenment period was largely due to the effects of the New Education and the Korean Language and Literature movement. Between 1907 and 1909 pioneering Ha Noi journalist Nguyen Van Vinh (1882-1936) translated and published numerous foreign short stories and drama scripts in his newspaper Dang co tung bao, but perhaps the most … ( Log Out /  Queer Vietnamese Identities 9 . Modern Vietnamese literature has developed from romanticism to realism, from heroism in wartime to all aspects of life, and scoured into ordinary life to find out genuine values of the Vietnamese people. We see that the emerging modern fiction, while rejecting the traditional verse form, in content also displays a clear-cut departure from literary tradition. For more than a half-century the Vietnamese people fought two wars of resistance, and at the present time, are in a period of construction, industrialization, and modernization. One should note that the Vietnamese use two separate terms truyen dai (long narrative) and truyen tieu thuyet (novel), which would seem to suggest a differentiation between narrative discourse and novelistic discourse. ( Log Out /  In fact, her talk aroused tremendous emotional responses from members of the old school of poetry who worshiped the Tang prosody. Bengali (Bangla) Chinese Hindi Indonesian Japanese Korean Pali and the Prakrits Sanskrit Urdu Vietnamese Support Asian Languages & Literature Facebook LinkedIn Newsletter More ways to connect; Department of Asian … We are a passionate team of one hundred avid travelers who love to share our Vietnam & Indochina with those looking for a more authentic travel experience. Outstanding masterpieces of the Vietnamese literature had been written in Chu Nom: "Chinh Phu Ngam" (Ballad of a Warrior's Wife) by Doan Thi Diem, "Cung Oan Ngam Khuc" (Elegy of an Odalisque) by Nguyen Gia Thieu, and "Kim Van Kieu" by Nguyen Du (1765-1820). Between nationalism and socialism 119 5. For example, Ngon Co Gio Dua in 1926 was an adaptation of Victor Hugos Les Misrables, where the author uses the general story line of the French work but keeps the plot moving with Vietnamese characters and situations. A potential new audience was found among the growing urban middle class who could pay for reading materials, whose penchant for stories was rooted in the tradition of folk and verse narratives, and whose appetite for prose fiction was stimulated by translations of foreign novels. Text 10 .Special Issue (2011): Abstract. After various changes and modifications, by the 1930s the script stabilized in the form we know today. Vietnam Traffic – The Reality of Traffic in Vietnam & Essential Guides, International Tour Operator License in Vietnam & Indochina. Unlike chu Nom that … Posted on July 17, 2015 by veronicatiger. The two authors gave us this exciting list of 15 important Vietnamese titles. One can picture the drama of the scene. Poetry is forever for Vietnamese. The first is chu Han, also referred to as Han-Viet or Sino-Vietnamese script, which is written Chinese pronounced the Vietnamese way according to the Vietnamese pattern of sounds. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Western influence on modern Vietnamese literature 29 2. Verse as an effective mnemonic device facilitated memorization of texts for oral circulation among the mostly illiterate masses. Provides a deeper understanding of Vietnamese literature through reading of literary texts (prose, poetry, criticism) and study of the development of Vietnamese literature (the emphasis on modern literature). Classical literature, modeled after the Chinese, was one of two styles used in pre-French colonial rule, with the other being a local one that centered around local genres and themes. One of their primary concerns was to break off the cultural ties between Vietnam and China represented by a literary tradition deeply influenced by classical Chinese literature. Lang Song, first place to print books in modern Vietnamese. Ho brings in familiar social realities and local color; and he uses the dialects spoken in specific areas of the south. modern Vietnamese literature emerged when the full development of quoc ngu as a medium enabled writing both in prose and in verse to depart from the traditional literature which was very much influenced by the Chinese classics, (This lecture was given at the Center for Southeast Asian Studies, UCLA, on November 17, 1999.). Literary works of Vietnamese Modern Literature. Folk literature held a great significance in Vietnam and made immense contribution to preserving and developing the national language as well as nourishing the people s soul. In contrast to the elitist Han literature, nom literature was in the language every Vietnamese spoke, using a script considered vulgar by orthodox Confucian scholar-mandarins. With regard to dating the emergence of the novel, opinions may differ based on different ways of defining the genre. ( Log Out /  This is cached page on VietNam Breaking News. Modern poetry, commonly known as New Poetry, departed from traditional prosody and was accepted about a decade after the appearance of prose fiction. Given this impasse, nom literature depended for diffusion largely on oral transmission. Gradually this is changing, and there are translations to be found, but for as long as this sad fact holds true to any degree, this slim yet dense introduction will continue to offer a key guide to an largely unfamiliar literary world. modern vietnamese communication for director of cimbank iVina Edu tự hào khi trở thành đối tác chiến lược của Ngân hàng Quốc tế CIMB Bank Berhad trong mảng đào tạo tiếng Việt cho cán bộ, quản lí là người nước ngoài đang làm việc tại ngân hàng. It is small wonder that today, there are only about thirty people in the whole world who can read chu nom. Four Poems by Chieu Anh Nguyen (Huong Nguyen trans. To this end, the French established institutions to disseminate French civilization and to spread the quoc ngu script. In 1906, when he was 24, Nguyen was sent to an exposition fair in Marseilles. If you want remove this page, please contact us. For centuries, Vietnamese Ao Dai has appeared in poetry, literature, and music. (2) His name only came to be known to the northern literary audience in 1929, when one of his works appeared in Phu Nu Tan Van, which was the first influential women’s periodical, established in Saigon and run by women. Modern literature before 1945. Staffed by literati of good background and experience, the journal displayed the powerful lingering influence of Chinese literature. In July of 1933, a nineteen-year-old girl named Nguyen Thi Kiem gave a public lecture at the Association for the Promotion of Learning in Saigon, on the subject of new poetry. Hanoi: Publishing House of Literature, 2014. The only insulting remark she made was her brief and mild rejection of old forms, especially the Tang-style poetry, which she judged too dated to be of use to poets attempting to interpret new realities. It follows that there run two streams of literature: literature in chu Han and literature in chu nom, or Han literature and nom literature for short. Découvrez sur Babelio.com livres et les auteurs sur le thème littérature vietnamienne. MODERN VIETNAMESE LITERATURE . Vietnamese folk literature is an intermingling of many forms. Nguyen Thi Kiem, who was also known by her pen name Nguyen Thi Manh Manh, talked for one and a half hours. The nom script is very complicated to learn. The Revolutionary Campaign of Vietnamese Modern Literature. ), Popular Tastes in Vietnam – Giang Nguyen-Thu, Cong-Huyen-Ton-Nu Nha-Trang — Research Papers, John Schafer and The Uyen. Instead, it portrays average Vietnamese people who interact in the changed social and cultural environments of Viet Nam. Not at all. In this paper we argue that there are many ways in which history is embedded in a country’s fiction—many of them offering questions rather than answers about a … Vietnamese literary tradition has evolved through the multiple events that have marked the country’s history. To make it further troublesome, it is possible to write a single term in different ways in chu nom. The novel exhibits a probing of the individuals inner life, the subjective consciousness. Vietnamese voices: Gender and cultural identity in the Vietnamese francophone novel. Now, the first complete departure from such literary tradition was in the use of the romanized script, known as chu quoc ngu (or script for national language), which, like chu nom, serves to record or transcribe the Vietnamese language. To begin with, the obvious question is what traditional Vietnamese literature was like. The first real flowering of modern Vietnamese literature took place in the north under the influence of the romantic styles, themes and techniques of French literature. Truyen nom features a male protagonist well-versed in literature or military arts or both, who is also a patriot loyal to the king, and a female protagonist of impeccable beauty and feminine virtues. Western influence on modern Vietnamese literature 29 2. The search for new and different verse forms had its origin in the rapid changes occurring in all areas of social and cultural life which instilled in the younger generation feelings and sentiments unknown to their elders. Par exemple, au lieu de la quête moderniste de sens dans un monde chaotique, l'auteur post-moderne évite, souvent de manière ludique, la possibilité du sens. Declaration for SOAS PhD thesis . Through this paper, Truong promoted the learning of chu quoc ngu, giving lessons in this new script. In examining her talk, one is incredulous to find hardly any justification for the strong negative affect that came to be focused on her person. Proto-Viet–Muong. For a millennium before the 11th century, Vietnam was dominated by China and as a result much of the … The traditional dress called Ao Dai is a long silk tunic that is slit on the sides and worn over loose pants. Viet Vision Travel customizes unique Vietnam vacation, Vietnam tour packages and multi-country tours to help you explore Vietnam & Indochina on your way. Courses will be on modern, contemporary and popular literature of Vietnam (including literature from overseas and literature produced in French). However, the majority of this audience was illiterate, to whom a nom text was no less alien than a Han text. A number of these writers later joined Nam Phong Tap Chi which appeared in 1917 and was run by Pham Quynh (1892-1945). Please check out my book "Happiness Is A Warm Gun-A Vietnam Story". COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES ASIAN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURE VIETNAMESE Detailed course offerings (Time Schedule) are available for. Perhaps the character of the war, the troubling questions it could provoke, kept the writers glued to the daily course of battle, wary of analyzing their experience, and numb to the significance of what they were doing. HALLYU AND MODERN VIETNAMESE CULTURE @inproceedings{Tho2014HALLYUAM, title={HALLYU AND MODERN VIETNAMESE CULTURE}, author={Nguyen Thi Ngoc Tho}, year={2014} } Nguyen ... Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. Assistant Teaching Professor. Truongs collection Chuyen Doi Xua printed in Cochinchina in 1876 could be seen as the first attempt at modern prose writing. In this first book-length study in English of a modern Vietnamese writer, Schafer introduces readers to an author who has much to teach us about war, revolution and exile in a strange land. The leading figures in the movement, beside looking to French poetry for inspiration, also turned to folk poetry and were perfectly happy to compose a great number of their verses in folk prosody, notably the luc bat form previously used in verse narratives. Created in the 13th century or earlier, ... Modern Vietnamese, from the 19th century. In this paper we argue that there are many ways in which history is embedded in a country’s fiction—many of them offering questions rather than answers about a country’s creative practices. Another southern scholar who contributed to the standardization of chu quoc ngu was Huynh Tinh Cua, also known as Paulus Cua (1834-1907), author of the first dictionary of the Vietnamese language in two volumes called Viet Nam Quoc Am Tu Vi (600 pages each, published in 1895 and 1896). Vietnamese literature came into being at an early date, including two major components - folk literature and written literature. Interestingly enough, if one looks closely, one can detect a hint of the tendency to break away from the elitist classical poetry further back, in the person of Tan Da (1888-1939), the early twentieth-century great poet who has been widely considered to be the link between old and new poetry. Subsequently, the two major major cultural journals, Dong Duong Tap Chi (1913-1919) and Nam Phong Tap Chi (1917-1934), published translations of both Chinese and French novels. In Japan Hira-gana and Kata-gana have been developed under similar cultural environment. With all the fuss surrounding the development of quoc ngu writing and prose fiction, did it spell a decline for poetry writing? Most nom characters are made up of two Chinese characters put together, one being the semantic component and the other phonetic representing the Vietnamese sound. This was the first time in the twenty-five-year history of the organization that it had invited a woman to appear on its podium. The Department of Modern Languages and Literatures offers a wide range of programs in language study to meet the varying needs of today's students. It is indeed a daunting task to sort out the best literary voices from Vietnam. This leads us to the writing of prose fiction which marked another major departure from traditional literature. "On the one hand, everyone wants the comforts of modern life, to be a part of consumer society. Vietnam is blessed with a very rich corpus of oral literature which has persisted since before written literature made its appearance. This was one of the more powerful moments in the history of modern Vietnamese literature: her talk brought into sharp focus the two-year-old battle in printed words between old and new poetry involving not only individuals but also the press. But, in the main, the language was removed from everyday speech. Not only was the speaker a female, but she was hardly more than an adolescent. Dialogue is colloquial. We lived our relationship through letters, phone calls, violence and determination to survive. The pen-war over the matter of art for art’s sake versus art for life’s sake 57 3. Translations of Chinese novels like The Water Margin appeared in the south at the turn of the century. In the 15th century, due to the need of constructing a unified nation, a centralized administration and a social order, Change ). '''Vietnamese literature''' ( In Vietnamese: Việt-nam văn-học., ) is the literature, both oral and written, created largely by Vietnamese-speaking people. This was a modern movement to liberate Vietnamese poetry from restrictive rules of classical Chinese poetry. Please do not add books that feature Vietnamese protagonists with no connection to the United States. Below is a historiographical paper that I wrote for Professor Peter Zinoman's seminar on Southeast Asian Historiography in Fall 2015. All content tagged with this term: People . At the age of 16, after graduation, he worked as a clerk in a French administrative office. I have read and understood regulation 17.9 of the Regulations for students of the SOAS, University of London concerning plagiarism. Vietnamese society. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Ainsi, les écrivains postmodernes privilégient souvent le hasard à la technique et emploient la métafiction pour saper le contrôle « univoque » de l'auteur (le contrôle d'une voix unique). Learn more in the Cambridge English-Vietnamese Dictionary. But that is another story. He wrote as one would normally speak, differing from the literary style used by Confucian scholars like himself. It departs from the traditional and predictable plot development, so that it has the freedom to portray life in its unpredictability. modern Vietnamese literature emerged when the full development of quoc ngu as a medium enabled writing both in prose and in verse to depart from the traditional literature which was very much influenced by the Chinese classics. Recent studies have brought to light that the first novella ever written appeared in the south: Truyen Thay Lazaro Phien, written in quoc ngu by Nguyen Trong Quan and published in Saigon in 1887. The resulting sentences showed untidiness and a tendency to be repetitive and obscure. This penchant is understandable given that they had spent the better part of their lives to learn and to practice writing poems in this form in preparation for the civil service examinations through which they sought to join the ruling establishment. literature with an emphasis on the modern/contemporary period. Both Truong and Huynh produced popular prose works — mostly written versions of folk narratives — in this new script. Vietnamese Literature. It should be noted that the full development of a satisfactory language for prose writing, particularly for prose fiction, had to wait until the 1930s when numerous short stories and novels displayed sophistication in the handling of vocabulary and syntactic structures. Cole, C. & Berry, M. "History and postmemory in contemporary Vietnamese literature." Please do not add books that feature Vietnamese protagonists with no connection to the United States. modern Vietnamese literature Beloved Oxford by Duong Thuy. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Her second lecture was a failure, not because she had nothing to say in favor of new poetry, but because she was not given a chance to speak her piece. literature translate: văn học. On the other hand, breaking away from a thousand-year-old poetic tradition could not be smooth sailing. Enquête du mandarin Tân, tome 2 : L'ombre du prince de Thanh-Van Tran-Nhut ,Enquête du mandarin Tân, tome 1 : Le temple de la grue écarlate de Thanh-Van Tran-Nhut ,Terre des oublis de Duong Thu Huong ,La Petite Marchande de vermicelles de Quang Thiêù Nguyêñ ,La mélodie secrète de Trinh Xuan Thuan , Through researching of modern Vietnamese literature, we found that, from the beginning of the twentieth century, the cries of help for people urgently raised from the deep recognition of human core value and causes of ecological crisis that affects their lives. The ability to communicate effectively is essential for success-oriented graduates, and acquiring the competence to communicate in a language other than English can often provide a competitive edge in today's global … The rule of multiple Chinese dynasties had shaped Vietnamese culture and literature from 207 BC to 939 AD. In the field of the prose, the activities of “Tu Luc Van Doan” group influenced by the West created modern Vietnam novel. I undertake that all … Do not list books with non-Vietnamese-American protagonists or only secondary characters who are Vietnamese-American. In the 15th century, due to the need of constructing a unified nation, a centralized administration and a social order, After GDB, one saw other early periodicals contributing to the spread of quoc ngu: Nong Co Min Dam (1901), Nhut Bao Tinh( (1905), Dai Viet Tan Bao (1905). Modernity and the Modern Era in Histories of Vietnam: A Historiography Essay Introduction When does the ‘modern era’ begin in Vietnamese history? From the experiences and contributions of these two men, we can say then that publishing and journalism served to facilitate the development of quoc ngu script as the necessary medium for modern writing. New literary movements can usually be observed every ten years but in the last century, Vietnamese literature underwent several literary transitions. Nguyen went to the French School for Interpreters in Hanoi. NPTC, also based in Hanoi, was an elitist journal whose major contribution was also to provide a forum for writers to try out their art. After the Kabo Reforms of 1894, a new brand of education was enforced, new Western-style schools were established, and new textbooks for teaching Western knowledge were published. In 1956 North Vietnamese scholar Văn Tân summarized this debate and sought to conclude it by declaring that before a Vietnamese writing system had fully developed, educated Vietnamese had used classical Chinese to record their thoughts and feelings, and that therefore, writings in classical Chinese by Vietnamese authors should be considered as part of the national literature of … Han literature was considered “serious literature”created by the elite who had extensive scholarly training in classical Chinese literature. Share. Various studies have noted that not more than 5% of the population was literate in the mid-1920s, but due to the fact that chu quoc ngu is a very easy script to learn, literacy increased to 10% by 1939, and grew steadily from then on. Together with Gia Dinh Bao in the south, his paper essentially served as primers, coaching readers on how to read chu quoc ngu. Movements to restore the throne met … ( Log Out /  Vietnamese women usually wear it, especially on special occasions. Vietnamese literature: | |Vietnamese literature| is |literature|, both oral and written, created largely by |Vietn... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Apart from a small number of works in prose which were in the main written versions of oral literature, Han literature consisted predominantly of poetry embodying patriarchal Confucian values, all the while addressing concerns with ethnic and national identity vis-a-vis Chinas dominant influence. I have found that the most simple and logical way to define modern Vietnamese literature is to identify and describe the features marking its departure from traditional literature which had dominated the Vietnamese cultural sphere for centuries. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. 3. Writer offers critique of modern Vietnamese literature have 318 words, post on dtinews.vn at February 6, 2014. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Vietnamese literary tradition has evolved through multiple events that have marked the country’s history. What Animal in 12 Vietnamese Zodiac Signs are You? In format this book is a straightforward literary history. Unlike written literature, early oral literature was composed in Vietnamese and is still accessible to ordinary Vietnamese today. After attacking the old forms of poetry whose strict rules prohibited truthful expression of new experiences, she presented a few poems of her own and of some other writers which were written in new forms. In Tonkin, the pioneer in journalism was Nguyen Van Vinh (1882-1936). Le post-roman est souvent une parodie de cette quête. Autumn Quarter 2020; Winter Quarter 2021; VIET 101 First-Year Non-Heritage Vietnamese (5) First in the three-quarter sequence of elementary Vietnamese for students with no prior exposure to Vietnamese language at home or in … With the French colonial influence, literature changed dramatically in Vietnam. The second is chu nom or vernacular script, adapted from Chinese characters to transcribe the spoken Vietnamese language. Vietnamese society. They should able to apply some literary theories in their reading and analyzing literary texts in general, and to appreciate specific aspects of Vietnamese culture expressed in literary works in particularly. Home / Vietnam Travel Guide / Vietnam Language / The Development of Vietnamese Modern Literature. By the mid-20th century, all Vietnamese works of literature are written in quốc ngữ, while works written in earlier scripts are transliterated into quốc ngữ for accessibility to modern Vietnamese speakers. This writing system was introduced into Vietnam in the 17th century by Portuguese missionaries to help them in their own learning of spoken Vietnamese. For centuries, Vietnamese writers had depended on two systems of writing. To round up, I would propose that modern Vietnamese literature emerged when the full development of quoc ngu as a medium enabled writing both in prose and in verse to depart from the traditional literature which was very much influenced by the Chinese classics. While it is difficult to determine when chu nom first made its appearance, historical records show that by the beginning of the 14th century it was widespread both at Court and in villages. Literature about Vietnamese-Americans. Of the two, Pham showed a definite attempt to develop a straightforward narrative voice devoid of classical cliches and poetic rhythm. AUMLA-JOURNAL OF THE AUSTRALASIAN UNIVERSITIES LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE ASSOCIATION (105): 143-145 MAY 2006 Wilcox W Women, westernization and the origins of modern Vietnamese theatre JOURNAL OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES 37 (2): 205-224 JUN 2006 Taylor KW Literature about Vietnamese-Americans. My story is just one about a young couple in love during one of the most turbulent times in this country's history. A revolutionary campaign occurred at the beginning of Romanized Vietnamese literature, in an attempt to standardize its styles such as prose, poetry, and criticism. Thesis submitted for the degree of PhD 2016 . Vietnam literature from this period set a presence of many movements. More Posts. literature - dịch sang tiếng Việt với Từ điển tiếng Anh-Việt - Cambridge Dictionary Vietnamese Literature Vietnamese Literature Vietnamese literature:The best 15 English titles you should read Vietnamese Poets And Writers Abroad Fiction: Vietnamese Exile Writers Vietnam’s new wave of writers turns away from war Contemporary Vietnamese Fiction in Translation Cole, C. & Berry, M. "History and postmemory in contemporary Vietnamese literature." Vietnamese Alphabet of 29 Letters & How to Pronounce Them, Basic Vietnamese Words & Phrases for Tourists to Vietnam, Tet Holiday – Everything about Vietnamese New Year 2021. In fact, this was also the first time that a woman had ever given a public talk on literature, the central core of Vietnamese cultural activity. One of these institutions was the press, and the first French-sponsored quoc ngu newspaper was Gia Dinh Bao, started in 1865 in the Saigon area and run by Truong Vinh Ky, also known as Petrus Ky (1837-1898), a multi-lingual scholar. A revolutionary campaign occurred at the beginning of Romanized Vietnamese literature, in an attempt to standardize its styles such as prose, poetry, and criticism. It was subsequently developed by others to more closely approximate the spoken sounds of the Vietnamese language. Vietnamese Program. It would be fair, however, to acknowledge the equally important role played by their predecessor, Phu Nu Tan Van, the womens periodical mentioned before, which served as a significant forum for the development of modern literature in both content and form. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read The Slanted Door: Modern Vietnamese Food [A … Vietnamese literature is literature, both oral and written, created largely by Vietnamese-speaking people, although Francophone Vietnamese and English-speaking Vietnamese authors in Australia and the United States are counted by many critics as part of the national tradition. They are either classics written centuries ago or modern classics that touch on colonization, wars, and life after war, all told through … When the literate audience expanded and printed copies were more abundant and readily available, authors no longer had the need to render their works in verse, so as to have them easily committed to memory by a few persons who would pass them on to illiterate folk by word of mouth. Vietnamese Literature Module Code: 155901113 Credits: 30 FHEQ Level: 6 Year of study: Year 4 Taught in: Full Year Provides a deeper understanding of Vietnamese literature through reading of literary texts (prose, poetry, criticism) and study of the development of Vietnamese literature (the emphasis on modern literature). Bich-Ngoc Turner. In the north, Nguyen Van Vinhs publishing house brought out in 1907 a translation in quoc ngu of the Chinese novel The Three Kingdoms. Reviewed by Tran Dang Trung (Vietnam National University-Hanoi; 2015-2016 HYI Visiting Fellow). Furthermore, she was neither the first nor the only one to be committed to the New Poetry movement. It was learned during the Chinese occupation and continued to be used for official businesses until the early part of this century. With French control of the major part of Vietnam by 1862, Vietnamese writers struggled to find some intellectual system to address this drastic redefinition of the nation. 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